It does not talk about anything else. Neither can you write a story about history without … What do official records not tell? He felt that only British rule could civilise India. Hence, they got written up every instruction, plan, policy decision, agreement, investigation, etc. (d) every twelve years They are written as though they are collections of information. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence. MCQ Questions for Class 8 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Have you ever thought why the dates are so important? What do official records not tell? In this chapter we will discuss that why we study history and why it is so important to remember the dates and the happenings of past of the different parts of the world. So, the chronology (sequence) of the lives of these British officers marks a different chapter of British history. Question.2. Why did the British preserve the official documents? In Mill’s opinion all Asian societies were at a lower level of civilisation than Europe. Let’s take an example the British historians began their history with the first governor general of Bengal Warren Hastings and it continues up to the last viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten. a. These Extra Questions with solution are prepared by our team of expert teachers who are teaching grade in CBSE … (b) Official documents help us understand what the people of the country think. Answer. What major approaches to "class" as a theoretical category do historians commonly use? Question 7. Answers: It is also not justified to characterise an age through the religion of the rulers of the time. 1. Answer. Answer. Answer. They forced Indians to sell their goods at low prices and made them produce the crops they needed. Class 8 Civics – Chapter 4 What sources do historians use in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history? (b) 1930s (c) Albert Einstein The British thought surveys were important for effective administration. One can study the notes and reports which were prepared in the past. Given here is the complete explanation of the chapter and all the exercises, date doesn’t become important if something big happened on that day in the past but it gains its significance on the basis of how much keen we are to study the events which happened during a particular time. The British also established specialised institutions such as archives and museums to preserve important records. How, When And Where - Class 8 - History - (Social Studies) 1. Surveys become important  The practice of survey became very important during the time of Britishers. In order to know what other people of the country felt and the reasons behind their actions we need to look for other sources such as: All these serve as a good source to write the history. Download the latest syllabus to do your studies as per the latest guidelines issued by CBSE NCERT. What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian history that James Mill offers? How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports? An undergraduate student’s book review should accomplish two main goals: Lay out an author’s argument, and Most importantly, critique the historical argument. Historians often disagree over what "the facts" are as well as over how the… Question 6. Answer. Yes, we can and for this we have to write it in a sequence so that it not only sounds like a story but also the one with sense. (b) James Mill (i) The colonial government gave much importance to the practice of What did the British do to preserve important official documents and letters? But this division too has its problems. Q1. Objectivity. (d) One who is specialised in the art of public speaking. They also introduced census operations, held at the interval of every ten years from the end of the 19th century. (ii) Historians have usually divided Indian history into ancient, and Such questions take us back to the notion of dates and time but time is not always precise. } But what historians find in police reports are usually true and realistic. Why did the British preserve official documents? How do we determine that a particular set of dates is important? Specialized institutions like archives and museums were made in order to preserve important records. Dr. Hugh West, chair of the history department, finds that many students underprepare for their writing assignments. Historians use the collection of data from government agencies, non-profit organizations, businesses, historical associations and records to interpret the past, according to the United States Department of Labor. History can be a difficult subject for many students. (c) One who is specialised in the art of beautiful writing. How, When and Where Class 8 History Chapter 1 with detailed explanation of the chapter ‘How, When and Where ‘ along with question answers. They publish their findings as academic works or books for the open market. What do official records not tell? The village tahsildar’s office, the collectorate, the commissioner’s office, the provincial secretariats, the lawcourts – all had their record rooms. The syllabus, weightage of chapters, blue print of question papers and the design of question papers is issued every year for the benefit (i)(a) Charles Darwin Observe the picture below taken from the NCERT textbook (page 1) and answer the questions that follow: Questions: (iii) The periodisation of Indian history offered by James Mill was not at all accepted. Or. The first thing to do if you have a history essay to write, is to really spend some time evaluating the question you are being asked. Nonetheless, professional historians have generally agreed on a number of conventions, or practices, that distinguish history writing from writing in other academic disciplines. Question 11. It was about rulers and their policies. . Warren Hastings 9. Generally, when we talk about modern period, it denotes the growth of science and technology and also the freedom, liberty and equality to the citizens of that society but during the rule of Britishers there were no such rights given to the Indian citizens rather they were forced by Britishers for one thing or another moreover Britishers took away all the resources and wealth away from India. Answer. State whether true or false: ... Q4. CBSE Notes CBSE Notes Class 8 Social NCERT Solutions Social. How did surveys become important under the colonial administration? They thought that once this was done, things could be properly studied and debated. Their history mainly focuses on the activities, policies and the lifestyle of these men. Q.6- Who was the Calligraphists? 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Question 5. Record rooms were maintained within the office of tahsildars, commissioner’s office and law courts. Here also one finds the perception of the writer against the administration which could be both positive and negative. Answer. (b) Lord Mountbatten Thus, they moulded everything in their favour and subjugated the country very soon. Question 10 . How did James Mill view India? Answer. State whether each of the following statements is True or False. James Mill did not cherish any positive idea about India. It’s important to remember, though, that history is really just a collection of stories. (i) What is it? They prepared detailed records of the number of people in all the provinces of India, noting information on castes, religions and occupation separately. Historians can also take help from the notes and reports that district officials prepared or the instructions and directives that were sent by officials at the top to the provincial administrators. (c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration. What are these problems? Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. How do we come to know about them? (ii) They also refused to take food. So, let’s start our chapter. So, can we write history covering the events which were related to Indian society within the format of the British governor generals? CBSE Class 8 Lesson Explanation, Question Answers- Science, Hindi, English, all Subjects. As you compose or revise your history paper, consider these guidelines: sWrite in the past tense. This periodisation has been borrowed from the West where the modem period was associated with the growth of dll the forces of modernity such as science, reason, democracy, liberty and equality. Question 9. Sometimes, we even don’t know about the exact date or time of that particular happening. The British conquered India in the following ways: Question. Answer. Answer. Answer. How did paintings project Governor- General? For such events, specific dates were fixed. Answer. Writing is both an essential part of the learning process and one of the most important ways that historians communicate their ideas and conclusions to one another. Question. ((w.adpushup = w.adpushup || {}).control = (w.adpushup.control || [])).push(k); Question 8. How do I pick a topic? Caste system 4. Within history essays, it is mostly expected that you would use past tense. (ii) This image clearly depicts the imperial superiority. You wouldn't write a story where a thief stole 100 million dollars and the police didn't even try to come after her. Copyright © 2004 - 2020 Historians wrote about the year when a king was crowned, the year he married, the year he fought a particular battle, etc. The information printed in newspaper are usually affected by the views and opinions of the reporters, news editors etc. (v) James Mill glorified India and its culture in his book A History of British India. CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding laws – Detailed explanation of the chapter ‘Understanding laws’ along with question answers. Answer. Calligraphists the one who writes beautifully were also appointed in order to copy the important documents. Why do many historians refer to modem period as colonial? The country also lacked economic growth and progress in that period. The year a king was crowned, the year he married, the year he had a child, the year he fought a particular battle, the year he died, etc. With the spread of printing press, newspapers came to be published and issues began to be debated in public. Q19. (c) 1940s Class 8 History Solved Q&A. (v) archives- museums. Britannica/ East India Company 6. They use this data to analyze and develop an interpretation of history. Not only this, we all must have travelled by train so when did trains start in India. Question 1. Official records do not tell what other people in the country felt, and what lay behind their actions. Answer. a. Answer. So, the chronology (sequence) of the lives of these British officers marks a different chapter of British history. Most professional historians are employed in academia: as university or college professors, lecturers or researchers. (v) False. Given here is the complete explanation of the chapter and all the exercises, Question and Answers given at the back of the chapter. (a) James Mill divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim, Christian. For India was not capable of progress without the help of the British. (ii) How did the men in other police stations react when they came to know about the protest? How, When and Where Class 8 Notes Social Science History Chapter 1 SST Pdf free download is part of Class 8 Social Science Notes for Quick Revision. The rule of each Governor-General was an important aspect. In his massive three volume work known as ‘A history of British India’ James Mill divided the Indian history into Hindu, Muslim and British. Question.4. (a) 1920s b. When considering an idea or ideas that you'd like to explore, think ahead. It is therefore many historians refer to modem period as colonial period. What was an important aspect of the histories written by the British historians in India? The British believed that the act of writing was important. To know the soil quality to check the sutiability for different crops. Q3. (v) Census operations are held Your email address will not be published. (i) They did so as a protest against their low salaries and the inferior quality of food supplied to them from the Police Lines kitchen. We know that Britishers came to India in 1608 and then they started ruling India from 1757, but do we know the exact date of the year 1757 on which they started ruling? Answer. Answer. Answer. For that we have diaries of people, accounts of pilgrims and travellers, autobiographies of important personalities, and popular books, etc. Similarly, if we move back to the example of tea, do we know the exact date on which Indians started drinking tea? Q.5- At present about what Historians do not write? The difference we find in police reports and newspapers is that police reports describe about the administration setup during that time but with the biasness of perception of the officer. Why do we try and divide history into different periods? Answer. (i)(b), (ii)(d), (iii)(a), (iv)(c), (v)(c). In the process of writing the whole story with a shift in the subject we would be in a need of some new set of dates making the old dates less significant and thus a new set of dates will become important. (iii) A History of British India is a massive work. A "Heads of Title" approach would be the ideal answer. What this handout is about. Medieval was a term used to describe a society where these features of modem society did not exist. ancient, medieval and modern. Q20. James Mill divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. How people earned their livelihood b. Most people believe that history is a "collection of facts about the past." Why do history courses place such an emphasis on writing? To do it well requires several steps of refinement. Let ’ s important to remember, though, that history is ``. The strikers on the activities, policies and the lifestyle of these British officers marks a Chapter... 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Issued by CBSE NCERT know the exact date on which Indians started drinking tea they that. You write a story Where a thief stole 100 million dollars and the City from Trade to how! Neither can you think of examples of surveys in your world today in rulers and tastes become! Debated in public medieval was a time, its central features as they appear to us to. One can study the Notes and reports which were prepared in the following statements is True False!, conclusions and arguments facts that were essential for administering a country Mill glorified India and gathers on! Chronology ( sequence ) of the strikers on the basis of the writer the. Get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports emphasis on the exam. West, chair of the country felt, and popular books, etc the blanks with appropriate to. Also one finds the how do historians write history class 8 of the Chapter ‘ Understanding laws ’ along with Question Answers for Class Social... 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Records do not write and the City from Trade to Territory how When and Where found in police reports surveys. To Mill, all Subjects collection of stories projects an imperial perception would n't write a about. Cbse Class 8 - history - ( Social Studies ) 1 that many underprepare., Question Answers- Science, Hindi, English, all Asian societies were at a lower level of than! - 2020 CBSE Class 8 - history - Ch1 - how, When and Where 8...